Institutional framework for implementing energy conservations measures in buildings is outlined within Energy Conservation Act 2001. The Act balances the power to develop, regulate and enforce energy efficiency norms between a central agency, the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, and state level agencies, namely the state designated agencies. Specific roles and responsibilities for both are also delineated in the Act.
Bureau of Energy Efficiency (central level agency)
- Develop and regulate energy consumption standards for equipment and appliances
- Prescribe or alter energy consumption norms for building types
- Identify “designated consumers”, and regulate enforcement of energy efficiency norms by designated consumers
- Training of a skilled workforce to implement the provisions of the Act
- Regulation of certified professionals to implement the provisions of the Act, namely the energy audits
- Formulation of fiscal and financial incentives for encouraging energy efficiency
- Promotion of energy efficient technologies through awareness programs
State Designated Agencies (SDAs) – state level agencies
- Enforcement of regulations formulated by BEE.
- Power of inspection to check the status of energy efficiency and implementation of energy conservation measure lies with the state designated agencies.
Third party verification
The Act empowers BEE to manage the enforcement of the clauses of the Act through third party verification and implementation parties. BEE regulates the quality of the energy efficiency consultants through a stringent and expansive licensing regime for professionals and agencies. For certification of auditors and energy managers, BEE has constituted the Certified Energy Auditors and Certified Energy Managers annual examinations. Accredited auditors, certified energy auditors with experience, are the only ones with powers to verify the energy use and implementation of energy conservation measures in buildings and industrial facilities.