Mobil House - Building
Mobil House

Mobil House 
Dhaka, Bangladesh

Summary

Location Dhaka
Coordinates 23.8┬░ N, 90.4┬░ E
Occupancy Type Office
Typology New Construction
Climate Type Tropical wet and dry climate
Project Area 6,673  m2
Date of Completion Oct 2019
Grid Connectivity Grid-connected
Architect Vistaara Architects Pvt Ltd
EPI (kWh/m2/yr) 58 kWh/m2/yr
 MEP & Architect of record AVE Engineers and Consultants Pvt Ltd
Energy Consultants Environmental Design Solutions (EDS)

The Mobil House building is the head office of MJL Bangladesh Limited (formerly Mobil Jamuna Lubricants Limited), a joint venture between the state-owned Jamuna Oil Company and EC Securities Limited (a subsidiary of the East Coast Group) in Bangladesh. It is a LEED Platinum certified building with office spaces, meeting areas, and conference halls.

This LEED certification has been achieved by following an integrative approach that engaged all key contributors (clients, architects, engineers, energy specialists, and green building consultant) from the early design stage until post-occupancy. The inputs obtained from the varied team members at different stages helped the project achieve its sustainability goals and ensured that the building was efficient as well as cost-effective.

It’s features include sizable courtyards and building cut-outs that are populated with foliage and vertical gardens. The building uses 30% less energy and 50% less water, as compared to conventional office buildings in the region.

Mobil House 
Dhaka, Bangladesh

Site Layout & Planning

Due to size constraints of the site, the green cover on site is minimal. However, significant foliage has been incorporated within the large terraces distributed throughout the building. Potted plants and vertical gardens compensate for the lack of surface green cover.

Climate Responsive Design

The most striking feature of the building includes the landscaped and shaded terraces. These act as thermal buffers for the interior spaces.

Form and Massing

The building mass has been oriented such that circulation elements like lift core and staircases are situated along the West fa├žade. This shields the regularly occupied spaces like offices and reception from the solar gains from the west fa├žade. The northeast fa├žade, with less solar gain potential, incorporates large windows to allow daylight and outdoor views.

Facade and Envelope

The envelope is made of 300 mm thick concrete walls, leading to high thermal mass which shields the buildings from heat gain during the daytime. The deep building terraces and courtyards enhance biophilia and create shaded outdoor breakout spaces that remain cool throughout the day. In addition to the walls, the windows – double-glazed panels with low emissivity and a U-value 1.1 W/m2k ÔÇô also reduce heat gain. The glazing has a shading coefficient of less than 0.25, leading to further reduction in solar heat gain.

Daylight Design

The building form is optimised to let in daylight, blocking solar heat gain. This is done through the deep terraces of the building which provide shading to the north-east fa├žade. This fa├žade, with its row of large windows, also lets in plenty of daylight. A significant number of occupants have access to daylight and views to the outside.

Mobil House
Dhaka, Bangladesh

Optimized HVAC System

An efficient chilled water system has been incorporated in the building HVAC design to significantly reduce cooling energy. The key features of this system are – chiller COP of 6.3, low approach cooling tower with VFD, and energy recovery wheel.

Artificial Lighting Design

The lighting system of the building integrates daylight and occupancy sensors to provide the optimum levels of light during daytime. The sensors detect the ambient daylight levels as well as number of occupants to determine the light output. This is a daytime used building, and the automated lighting controls reduce the peak demand significantly.

In addition, occupants have the controls to customize the lighting levels of their immediate environment, leading to reduced overall lighting load.

Mobil House
Dhaka, Bangladesh

Renewable Energy System

The building has an 18 kWp grid-tied solar system on it roof to offset its electrical consumption.

Spread over an area of approximately 240 m2, the system comprises of an array of 60 solar photovoltaic modules. Based on the average solar irradiance received in Bangladesh, it has the potential to generate 24,000 kWh annually.

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